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Entailment and Presupposition

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 اريج اسعد جعفر الطائي
7/9/2011 9:44:33 PM
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Entailment and Presupposition
Areej As ad Ja far
This study attempts to reveal the relation between entailment and presupposition. One of the principal difficulties that one faces when dealing with aspects of language is how to distinguish between entailment and presupposition. This study aims at identifying the points of difficulty which Iraqi EFL university student encounter in using entailment and presupposition, and Finding out the reasons beyond students’ errors and to put the suitable solution for them. It is hypothesized that: (1) Most Iraqi EFL university students are unable to differentiate between entailment and presupposition, (2) the performance of both two groups are close at the beginning, (3) the achievement of the experimental group is better than that of the control group. A test has been submitted to third year students for the academic year (2007-2008), Department of English, College of Education, University of Babylon.

In the light of students responses, it can be concluded that: (1) most of them are unable to differentiate between entailment and presupposition, (2) their results are close in the first attempt, (3) the achievement of the experimental group is better than that of the control group, and (4) students errors can be attributed to the following factors: (a) intralingual transfer, this type of error constitutes (13.3%1), (b) context of learning, this kind of error constitutes (61.52%), and (c) communication strategies, this kind of error constitutes (25.17%).

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