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environmental impact assessment

الكلية كلية الهندسة     القسم  الهندسة البيئية     المرحلة 4
أستاذ المادة سعاد مهدي غليوة الفتلاوي       12/07/2018 16:28:01
UNEP defines Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) as a tool used to identify the
environmental, social and economic impacts of a project prior to decision-making. It aims to
predict environmental impacts at an early stage in project planning and design, find ways
and means to reduce adverse impacts, shape projects to suit the local environment and
present the predictions and options to decision-makers. By using EIA both environmental
and economic benefits can be achieved, such as reduced cost and time of project
implementation and design, avoided treatment/clean-up costs and impacts of laws and
regulations.
Although legislation and practice vary around the world, the fundamental components of an
EIA would necessarily involve the following stages:
i. Screening to determine which projects or developments require a full or partial
impact assessment study;
Scoping to identify which potential impacts are relevant to assess (based on
legislative requirements, international conventions, expert knowledge and public
involvement), to identify alternative solutions that avoid, mitigate or compensate
adverse impacts on biodiversity (including the option of not proceeding with the
development, finding alternative designs or sites which avoid the impacts,
incorporating safeguards in the design of the project, or providing compensation for
adverse impacts), and finally to derive terms of reference for the impact assessment;
iii. Assessment and evaluation of impacts and development of alternatives, to predict
and identify the likely environmental impacts of a proposed project or development,
including the detailed elaboration of alternatives;
iv. Reporting the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) or EIA report, including an
environmental management plan (EMP), and a non-technical summary for the
general audience.
v. Review of the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), based on the terms of
reference (scoping) and public (including authority) participation.
vi. Decision-making on whether to approve the project or not, and under what
conditions; and
vii. Monitoring, compliance, enforcement and environmental auditing. Monitor
whether the predicted impacts and proposed mitigation measures occur as defined
in the EMP. Verify the compliance of proponent with the EMP, to ensure that
unpredicted impacts or failed mitigation measures are identified and addressed in a
timely fashion.

المادة المعروضة اعلاه هي مدخل الى المحاضرة المرفوعة بواسطة استاذ(ة) المادة . وقد تبدو لك غير متكاملة . حيث يضع استاذ المادة في بعض الاحيان فقط الجزء الاول من المحاضرة من اجل الاطلاع على ما ستقوم بتحميله لاحقا . في نظام التعليم الالكتروني نوفر هذه الخدمة لكي نبقيك على اطلاع حول محتوى الملف الذي ستقوم بتحميله .