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Introduction to Environmental Management

الكلية كلية الهندسة     القسم  الهندسة البيئية     المرحلة 4
أستاذ المادة سعاد مهدي غليوة الفتلاوي       11/07/2018 22:14:20
Introduction to Environmental Management
Environmental management is a process concerned with human–environment interactions, and seeks to identify: what is environmentally desirable; what are the physical, economic, social and technological constraints to achieving that; and what are the most feasible options


Environmental management displays the following characteristics:
? it supports sustainable development;
? it is often used as a generic term;
? it deals with a world affected by humans
? it has to integrate and bring together different development viewpoints;
? it seeks to co-ordinate science, social science, policy making and planning;
? it is a proactive process;
? it recognises the desirability of meeting, and if possible exceeding, basic human needs;
? the timescale involved extends well beyond the short term, and concern ranges from local to global;
? it should identify opportunities as well as address threats and problems;


Note that :
• Environmental management is developing. It has still to be adequately adapted to suit all conditions, and will continue to have to be improved.
• Environmental management demands a proactive approach to development and must integrate closely with other regulations.
• Without proactive environmental management, development is unlikely to be sustainable and people will be more vulnerable to disasters.




Environmental management goals include:
? sustaining and, if possible, improving existing resources;
? the prevention and resolution of environmental problems;
? establishing limits;
? founding and nurturing institutions that effectively support environmental research, monitoring and management;
? warning of threats and identifying opportunities;
? where possible improving ‘quality of life’;
? identifying new technology or policies that are useful.




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Environmental managers may follow risk-aversion strategies, including:
? working to safe minimum standards;
? adopting sustainability constraints;
? following a ‘win–win’ or ‘least regrets’ approach
؛
Environmental management may be subdivided into a number of fields, including (not in any particular order):
? sustainable development issues;
? environmental assessment, modelling, forecasting and ‘hindcasting’ (using history or palaeoecology for future scenario prediction), and impact studies;
? corporate environmental management activities;
? pollution recognition and control;
? environmental enforcement and legislation;
? environment and development institutions (including NGOs) and ethics;
? environmental management systems and quality issues;
? environmental planning and management;
? assessment of stakeholders involved in environmental management;
? environmental perceptions and education;
? community participation for environmental management/sustainable development;
? institution building for environmental management/sustainable development;
? biodiversity conservation;
? natural resources management;
? environmental rehabilitation/restoration;
? environmental politics;
? environmental aid and institution building.





What is an Environmental Management System?
The part of the overall management system that includes organizational structure, planning activities, responsibilities, practices, procedures, processes and resources for developing, implementing achieving and reviewing the environmental policy.” ISO14001









المادة المعروضة اعلاه هي مدخل الى المحاضرة المرفوعة بواسطة استاذ(ة) المادة . وقد تبدو لك غير متكاملة . حيث يضع استاذ المادة في بعض الاحيان فقط الجزء الاول من المحاضرة من اجل الاطلاع على ما ستقوم بتحميله لاحقا . في نظام التعليم الالكتروني نوفر هذه الخدمة لكي نبقيك على اطلاع حول محتوى الملف الذي ستقوم بتحميله .