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Concepts for Planning Water Resources Development

الكلية كلية الهندسة     القسم  الهندسة البيئية     المرحلة 4
أستاذ المادة نسرين جاسم حسين المنصوري       04/07/2018 17:41:13
Instructional Objectives
On completion of this lesson, t
he student shall be able to know:
1. Principle of planning for water resource projects
2. Planning for prioritizing
water resource projects
3. Concept of basin – wise project development
4. Demand of water within a basin
5. Structural construction for water projects
6. Concept of inter – basin water transfer project
7. Tasks for planning a water resources project
1.2.0 Introduction
Utilisation of available water of a r
egion for use of a community has perhaps
been practiced from the dawn of
civilization. In India, since civilization flourished
early, evidences of water utilization has also been found from ancient times. For
example at Dholavira in Gujarat wa
ter harvesting and drainage systems have
come to light which might had been c
onstructed somewhere between 300-1500
BC that is at the time of
the Indus valley civilizati
on. In fact, the Harappa and
Mohenjodaro excavations have also sh
own scientific developments of water
utilization and disposal syst
ems. They even developed an efficient system of
irrigation using several large canals.
It has also been discovered that the
Harappan civilization made
good use of groundwater by
digging a large number
of wells. Of other places around the world, the earliest dams to retain water in
large quantities were constructed in Ja
wa (Jordan) at about 3000 BC and in Wadi
Garawi (Egypt) at about 2660 BC. The
Roman engineers had built log water
conveyance systems, many of wh
ich can still be seen today,
Qanats
or
underground canals that
tap an alluvial fan on mountai
n slopes and carry it over
large distances, were one of the most
ingenious of ancient hydro-technical
inventions, which originat
ed in Armenia aro
und 1000BC and were
found in India
since 300 BC.

المادة المعروضة اعلاه هي مدخل الى المحاضرة المرفوعة بواسطة استاذ(ة) المادة . وقد تبدو لك غير متكاملة . حيث يضع استاذ المادة في بعض الاحيان فقط الجزء الاول من المحاضرة من اجل الاطلاع على ما ستقوم بتحميله لاحقا . في نظام التعليم الالكتروني نوفر هذه الخدمة لكي نبقيك على اطلاع حول محتوى الملف الذي ستقوم بتحميله .