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Pumps

الكلية كلية الهندسة     القسم  الهندسة البيئية     المرحلة 3
أستاذ المادة عدي عدنان جهاد الخيكاني       05/10/2012 11:51:39
INTRODUCTION
Liquids have to be moved from one location to another and one level to another in domestic, agricultural and industrial spheres. The liquid is more often water in the domestic and agriculture spheres. In industries chemicals, petroleum products and in some cases slurries have to be moved, by pumping. Three types of pumps are in use.
(1) Rotodynamic pumps which move the fluid by dynamic action of imparting momentum to the fluid using mechanical energy.
(2) Reciprocating pumps which first trap the liquid in a cylinder by suction and then push the liquid against pressure.
(3) Rotary positive displacement pumps which also trap the liquid in a volume and push the same out against pressure.
Reciprocating pumps are limited by the low speed of operation required and small volumes it can handle.
Rotary positive displacement pumps are limited by lower pressures of operation and small volumes these can handle. Gear, vane and lobe pumps are of these type. Rotodynamic pumps i.e. centrifugal and axial flow pumps can be operated at high speeds often directly coupled to electric motors. These can handle from small volumes to very large
volumes. These pumps can handle corrosive and viscous, fluids and even slurries. The overall efficiency is high in the case of these pumps. Hence these are found to be the most popular pumps in use. Rotodynamic pumps can be of radial flow, mixed flow and axial flow types according to the flow direction. Radial flow or purely centrifugal pumps generally
handle lower volumes at higher pressures. Mixed flow pumps handle comparatively larger volumes at medium range of pressures. Axial flow pumps can handle very large volumes, but the pressure against which these pumps operate is limited. The overall efficiency of the three types are nearly the same.

CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS
These are so called because energy is imparted to the fluid by centrifugal action of moving blades from the inner radius to the outer radius. The main components of centrifugal pumps are (1) the impeller, (2) the casing and (3) the drive shaft with gland and packing.
Additionally suction pipe with one way valve (foot valve) and delivery pipe with delivery valve completes the system.


المادة المعروضة اعلاه هي مدخل الى المحاضرة المرفوعة بواسطة استاذ(ة) المادة . وقد تبدو لك غير متكاملة . حيث يضع استاذ المادة في بعض الاحيان فقط الجزء الاول من المحاضرة من اجل الاطلاع على ما ستقوم بتحميله لاحقا . في نظام التعليم الالكتروني نوفر هذه الخدمة لكي نبقيك على اطلاع حول محتوى الملف الذي ستقوم بتحميله .