انت هنا الان : شبكة جامعة بابل > موقع الكلية > نظام التعليم الالكتروني > مشاهدة المحاضرة

Lecture 1 Part II

الكلية كلية تكنولوجيا المعلومات     القسم قسم البرامجيات     المرحلة 4
أستاذ المادة احمد حبيب سعيد العزاوي       15/10/2012 12:17:23
HTML Language:
HTML (a much easier way to say Hyper Text Markup Language) is a text file containing small mark-up tags and commands that tell Web browsers how to display the page.
• A “tag” refers to the pieces that create a command. A “command” is the combination of tags to produce the intended effect.
• Tags are created by the less than symbol (<) and the greater than symbol (>). Without those two symbols, a tag is not recognized. Examples of tags:
There are two types of tags that together, create a command:
1. Starting Tags, at the beginning .
2. Ending tags, at the end
.
Rendering HTML
When a browser displays a Web page, it retrieves the HTML file for that page from a server, parses the HTML tags to determine how the content should be formatted, and renders the page. The HTML tags tell the browser what images, video, audio, and other content need to be downloaded and integrated into the page. The HTML may also tell the browser to download style sheets and interactive scripts to further enhance the page.
HTML Standards
The World Wide Web Consortium, or W3C, is the primary group guiding the evolution of the HTML language. The W3C is made up of hundreds of companies and organizations including Web industry leaders such as Microsoft, Apple, and Google. The standards developed by the W3C give developers of Web servers and browsers a set of common guidelines with which to develop their products. You can visit the W3C’s Web site at www.w3.org.
HTML Versions
The most recent version of HTML is 4.01. Version 4.01 includes rules for using more than 90 HTML tags, most of which are covered in this book. It improves on previous versions by adding better support for multimedia, scripting, and style sheets. Support for style sheets is especially important because it allows developers to apply more precise formatting to Web pages. It also allows developers to keep complex styling information separate from the rest of the HTML.

المادة المعروضة اعلاه هي مدخل الى المحاضرة المرفوعة بواسطة استاذ(ة) المادة . وقد تبدو لك غير متكاملة . حيث يضع استاذ المادة في بعض الاحيان فقط الجزء الاول من المحاضرة من اجل الاطلاع على ما ستقوم بتحميله لاحقا . في نظام التعليم الالكتروني نوفر هذه الخدمة لكي نبقيك على اطلاع حول محتوى الملف الذي ستقوم بتحميله .