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Biosafety and Security

الكلية كلية العلوم     القسم قسم علوم الحياة     المرحلة 1
أستاذ المادة اياد محمد جبر المعموري       03/12/2016 08:54:19

1-Biosafety and Security
Laboratory biosafety: containment principles, technologies, and practices implemented to prevent unintentional exposure to pathogens and toxins, or their unintentional release.
Laboratory biosecurity: protection, control and accountability for valuable biological materials within laboratories, in order to prevent their unauthorized access, loss, theft, misuse, diversion, or intentional release.
Laboratory Biorisk Management: System or process to control safety and security risks associated with the handling or storage and disposal of biological agents and toxins in laboratories and facilities.
2-Biorisk
The risk associated with biological materials in the laboratory has a safety and a security component. Biorisk encompasses risks from the biosafety and laboratory biosecurity perspective, associated with biological materials.
3- Key Components of Biorisk Management
1-Biorisk Assessment: Process of identifying the hazards and evaluating the risks associated with biological agents and toxins, taking into account the adequacy of any existing controls, and deciding whether or not the risks are acceptable.
2-Biorisk Mitigation: Actions and control measures that are put into place to reduce or eliminate the risks associated with biological agents and toxins.
3-Performance: The implementation of the entire biorisk management system, including evaluating and ensuring that the system is working the way it was designed. Another aspect of performance is the process of continually improving the system.

Biorisk Management = Assessment, Mitigation, Performance



4- Key Element of Effective Management Systems
The concept of continual improvement through a cycle of planning, implementing, reviewing and improving processes is undertaken to achieve its goals.
This is often referred to as the ‘Plan-Do-Check-Act principle’. The essential elements of each stage are:
A-Plan: including identification of hazard and risk and establishment of goals;
B-Implement: including training and operational issues;
C-Check: measure/monitor performance against the objectives; and
D-Act: on the basis of review to make necessary changes.

Figure 1: Systematic Approach to Biosafety and Security






5-Components of Safety in All labs
1-Safe handling, storage and disposal of
-Specimens
-Chemicals
-Instruments
-Radioactive components
2-Fire safety
3-Electrical safety
















6-BIOSAFETY: In Biology labs: Preventing lab-acquired infections









Infections of special concern
• Tuberculosis
• Hepatitis B
• HIV
• Enteric infections

7-Universal safety precautions


المادة المعروضة اعلاه هي مدخل الى المحاضرة المرفوعة بواسطة استاذ(ة) المادة . وقد تبدو لك غير متكاملة . حيث يضع استاذ المادة في بعض الاحيان فقط الجزء الاول من المحاضرة من اجل الاطلاع على ما ستقوم بتحميله لاحقا . في نظام التعليم الالكتروني نوفر هذه الخدمة لكي نبقيك على اطلاع حول محتوى الملف الذي ستقوم بتحميله .