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What is a determiner?

الكلية كلية الهندسة     القسم  الهندسة المعمارية     المرحلة 4
أستاذ المادة مؤيد منغر عبيد الشمري       25/07/2019 10:33:25

What is a Determiner?
What is a determiner? A determiner is a word that introduces a noun. It always comes before a noun, not after, and it also comes before any other adjectives used to describe the noun.
Determiners are required before a singular noun but are optional when it comes to introducing plural nouns. For example, consider the placement and usage of the common determiner the in the sentences below:
• The bunny went home.
• I ate the chocolate cookie for dessert.
• Metal cans are recyclable.
• The metal cans are recyclable.
In every example, the determiner is placed before the noun or noun phrase, regardless of whether the noun in the subject or predicate. In the first example, it comes directly before the noun, but in the second example, it comes before the adjective ("chocolate") that describes the noun ("cookie").
Note also that in the third example there is no determiner, as determiners are optional for plural nouns and noun phrases. When you want to discuss the noun in general (i.e., all metal cans), you don t need a determiner for plural nouns. However, the fourth example shows that you may add a determiner to refer to specific nouns (i.e., the metal cans right here).
There are four different types of determiners in English: articles, demonstratives, quantifiers, and possessives.

Articles
Articles are among the most common of the determiners. There are three singular articles: a, an, and the. Articles specify (or determine) which noun the speaker is referring to. A and an are indefinite articles and are used when you are talking about a general version of the noun. For example:
• A dog is a good pet.
• An ostrich would beat a chicken in a race.
In these examples, the sentence is talking about dogs or ostriches in general, meaning any dog. When your meaning is general, use an indefinite article. Note that a is used before words that begin with consonants while an is used before words beginning with vowels.
On the other hand, the is a definite article, meaning the speaker is referring to a specific noun. For example:
• We went to the best restaurant in town.
• The dog is barking too loudly.
Here the speaker is referring to a particular dog and a particular restaurant. It s not a general category, but only one animal or place that s important. When your meaning is specific, use a definite article.


المادة المعروضة اعلاه هي مدخل الى المحاضرة المرفوعة بواسطة استاذ(ة) المادة . وقد تبدو لك غير متكاملة . حيث يضع استاذ المادة في بعض الاحيان فقط الجزء الاول من المحاضرة من اجل الاطلاع على ما ستقوم بتحميله لاحقا . في نظام التعليم الالكتروني نوفر هذه الخدمة لكي نبقيك على اطلاع حول محتوى الملف الذي ستقوم بتحميله .