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Posterior abdominal wall and diaphragm

الكلية كلية الطب     القسم  التشريح والانسجة     المرحلة 2
أستاذ المادة فراس محمد غازي الخفاجي       05/03/2017 16:37:06
Posterior Abdominal Wall and the Diaphragm
PAW : Posterior Abdominal Wall
Curricular Objectives
By the end of this session students are expected to:
Practical
1. Identify the bones forming the PAW and their main markings
2. Distinguish the muscles forming the PAW and their fascial coverings
3. Trace the nerves of the PAW to their terminations
4. Identify the diaphragm and discriminate structures arising from its vertebral origin
5. Locate the major foramina of the diaphragm and the structures they transmit
6. Identify the retroperitoneal organs related to PAW

Theory
1. State the framework of PAW
2. Name the bones forming the PAW and describe their main markings
3. Outline the muscles forming the PAW, their attachment and actions
4. Define the para-vertebral gutter and list the retroperitoneal organs related to it
5. Acknowledge the close relation of abdominal aorta to AAW
6. List the nerves related to PAW and their main distribution
7. Review the cremasteric reflex and acknowledge its physiological importance
8. Recall the patellar reflex and follow its pathway
9. Recall the attachment of the diaphragm and describe its vertebral origin
10. Underline the major foramina of the diaphragm and the structures they transmit
11. Review the innervation of diaphragm and the possible sites of referred pain
12. Summarize the fascial and peritoneal linings of the abdominal cavity

Selected references and suggested resources
? Clinical Anatomy by Regions, Richard S. Snell, 9th edition
? Grant s Atlas of Anatomy, 13th Edition
? McMinn s Clinical Atlas of Human Anatomy, 7th Edition
? Anatomy for Babylon medical students (facebook page)
? Human Anatomy Education (facebook page)
? Human anatomy education (you tube channel)

This session has been reviewed by
Anatomy team at the Department of Anatomy and Histology/ College of Medicine/ University of Babylon/ 2016

Session check list
? Clinical importance
? Irritation of peritoneum on PAW can stimulate the related nerves and result in characteristic clinical manifestations. that can help diagnose various medical & surgical conditions

? The diaphragm is the most important muscle used in inspiration, understanding the sensory supply of diaphragm can help explain many causes of referred pain from the abdomen to the neck, shoulder and front of chest


المادة المعروضة اعلاه هي مدخل الى المحاضرة المرفوعة بواسطة استاذ(ة) المادة . وقد تبدو لك غير متكاملة . حيث يضع استاذ المادة في بعض الاحيان فقط الجزء الاول من المحاضرة من اجل الاطلاع على ما ستقوم بتحميله لاحقا . في نظام التعليم الالكتروني نوفر هذه الخدمة لكي نبقيك على اطلاع حول محتوى الملف الذي ستقوم بتحميله .