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Abdomen and pelvis: S12 checklist/ Pelvic viscera - Summary

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الكلية كلية الطب     القسم  التشريح والانسجة     المرحلة 2
أستاذ المادة فراس محمد غازي الخفاجي       22/05/2018 05:03:21
Pelvis and perineum
GIT and Urinary systems
Curricular Objectives: By the end of this session students are expected to:

Theory
1. Name the viscera of the male and female pelvis and their location within the cavity
2. Describe the gross features and relations of sigmoid and rectum
3. Describe the sigmoid mesocolon, and its role in development of volvulus
4. Summarize the location, parts and internal features of anal canal
5. Outline the blood vessels supplying the sigmoid, rectum, and anal canal
6. Define hemorrhoids and outline the vessels involved in different types
7. Underline the role of puborectalis muscle in supporting continence
8. Outline the location, boundaries and content of the ischiorectal fossa
9. Compare the course of the ureter within the male and female pelvis
10. Describe the urinary bladder, its main relations, its nerve supply
11. Outline the relations of the distended urinary bladder and its applied anatomy
12. Compare the male and female urethra, and describe the anatomy of cathterization

Practical
1. List and identify various viscera within the male and female pelvis
2. Follow the peritoneum as it passes over the pelvic viscera
3. Locate and Compare the pouches of the peritoneal cavity related to the pelvic viscera
4. Trace the sigmoid meso-colon noting the structures related to its line of attachment
5. Follow the ureters and recall the three sites at which their lumen is narrowed
6. Distinguish the urinary bladder and its external and internal features
7. Locate the median umbilical ligament and name its embryological origin
8. Identify the urethra and the different parts of male urethra

Selected references and suggested resources
? Clinical Anatomy by Regions, Richard S. Snell, 9th edition
? Grant s Atlas of Anatomy, 13th Edition
? McMinn s Clinical Atlas of Human Anatomy, 7th Edition
? Anatomy for Babylon medical students (Facebook page)
? Anatomy for Babylon medical students (YouTube channel)
? Human Anatomy Education (Facebook page)
? Human anatomy education (YouTube channel)


Session check list

? Clinical highlights

? Common emergency situations related to this region include hematuria, urine retention, bleeding per rectum and fracture pelvis. Comprehensive knowledge on the anatomy of the urinary system, and pelvic parts of the GIT is of great importance in emergency departments
? External and internal hemorrhoids, in addition to anal Fissure may develop within anal canal, understanding the nerve supply of the anal canal is of great importance in clinical practice


المادة المعروضة اعلاه هي مدخل الى المحاضرة المرفوعة بواسطة استاذ(ة) المادة . وقد تبدو لك غير متكاملة . حيث يضع استاذ المادة في بعض الاحيان فقط الجزء الاول من المحاضرة من اجل الاطلاع على ما ستقوم بتحميله لاحقا . في نظام التعليم الالكتروني نوفر هذه الخدمة لكي نبقيك على اطلاع حول محتوى الملف الذي ستقوم بتحميله .
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