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Ceramic Products Manufacturing

الكلية كلية هندسة المواد     القسم قسم البوليمرات والصناعات البتروكيمياوية     المرحلة 2
أستاذ المادة قتيبة حسين محمد المرزوكي       6/8/2011 5:07:39 PM
Ceramics are defined as a class of inorganic, nonmetallic solids that are subjected to high
temperature in manufacture and/or use. The most common ceramics are composed of oxides, carbides,
and nitrides. Silicides, borides, phosphides, tellurides, and selenides also are used to produce ceramics.
Ceramic processing generally involves high temperatures, and the resulting materials are heat resistant
or refractory.
Traditional ceramics refers to ceramic products that are produced from unrefined clay and
combinations of refined clay and powdered or granulated nonplastic minerals. Often, traditional
ceramics is used to refer to ceramics in which the clay content exceeds 20 percent. The general
classifications of traditional ceramics are described below.
Pottery is sometimes used as a generic term for ceramics that contain clay and are not used for
structural, technical, or refractory purposes.
Whiteware refers to ceramic ware that is white, ivory, or light gray in color after firing.
Whiteware is further classified as earthenware, stoneware, chinaware, porcelain, and technical
ceramics.
Earthenware is defined as glazed or unglazed nonvitreous (porous) clay-based ceramic ware.
Applications for earthenware include artware, kitchenware, ovenware, tableware, and tile.
Stoneware is vitreous or semivitreous ceramic ware of fine texture, made primarily from
nonrefractory fire clay or some combination of clays, fluxes, and silica that, when fired, has properties
similar to stoneware made from fire clay. Applications for stoneware include artware, chemicalware,
cookware, drainpipe, kitchenware, tableware, and tile.
Chinaware is vitreous ceramic ware of zero or low absorption after firing that are used for
nontechnical applications. Applications for chinaware include artware, ovenware, sanitaryware, and
tableware.
Porcelain is defined as glazed or unglazed vitreous ceramic ware used primarily for technical
purposes. Applications for porcelain include artware, ball mill balls, ball mill liners, chemicalware,
insulators, and tableware.

المادة المعروضة اعلاه هي مدخل الى المحاضرة المرفوعة بواسطة استاذ(ة) المادة . وقد تبدو لك غير متكاملة . حيث يضع استاذ المادة في بعض الاحيان فقط الجزء الاول من المحاضرة من اجل الاطلاع على ما ستقوم بتحميله لاحقا . في نظام التعليم الالكتروني نوفر هذه الخدمة لكي نبقيك على اطلاع حول محتوى الملف الذي ستقوم بتحميله .