انت هنا الان : شبكة جامعة بابل > موقع الكلية > نظام التعليم الالكتروني > مشاهدة المحاضرة

Hospital Infection Control - Giving safe injections

Share |
الكلية كلية التمريض     القسم كلية ذات القسم الواحد     المرحلة 4
أستاذ المادة عمار عباس شعلان الحميري       23/10/2017 11:42:07
Medical treatment is intended to save life and improve health, and all health workers have a
responsibility to prevent transmission of health-care associated infections. Adherence to safe
injection practices and related infection control is part of that responsibility – it protects patients
and health workers.
What is a safe injection (1)
A safe injection, phlebotomy (drawing blood), lancet procedure or intravenous
device insertion is one that:
• does not harm the recipient;
• does not expose the provider to any avoidable risk;
• does not result in any waste that is dangerous for other people.
1.1 Unsafe injection
Unsafe injections can result in transmission of a wide variety of pathogens, including viruses,
bacteria, fungi and parasites (2). They can also cause non-infectious adverse events such as
abscesses and toxic reactions. Reuse of syringes or needles is common in many settings. It
exposes patients to pathogens either directly (via contaminated equipment) or indirectly (via
contaminated medication vials) (3, 4).The risks of unsafe injection practices have been well
documented for the three primary bloodborne pathogens – human immunodeficiency virus
(HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). The estimated global burden of
disease for the year 2000 from unsafe injection practices for these pathogens included (3):
• 21 million HBV infections (32% of new HBV infections);
• 2 million HCV infections (40% of new HCV infections);
• 260 000 HIV infections (5% of new HIV infections).
These bloodborne pathogens also contribute to illness among health workers – an estimated
4.4% of HIV infections and 39% of HBV and HCV infections are attributed to occupational injury
(5). Among susceptible health workers who do not receive post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), the
risk of infection after needle-stick injury is 23–62% for HBV and 0–7% for HCV (6). Infections
may also be transmitted (to other health workers and to patients) from cross-contamination of
health workers’ hands, medications, medical equipment and devices or environmental surfaces.
Thus, proper injection techniques and procedures contribute to the safety of both patients and
health workers (1).

المادة المعروضة اعلاه هي مدخل الى المحاضرة المرفوعة بواسطة استاذ(ة) المادة . وقد تبدو لك غير متكاملة . حيث يضع استاذ المادة في بعض الاحيان فقط الجزء الاول من المحاضرة من اجل الاطلاع على ما ستقوم بتحميله لاحقا . في نظام التعليم الالكتروني نوفر هذه الخدمة لكي نبقيك على اطلاع حول محتوى الملف الذي ستقوم بتحميله .
download lecture file topic