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Introduction to Child Health Nursing

الكلية كلية التمريض     القسم قسم التمريض العام     المرحلة 3
أستاذ المادة نهاد محمد قاسم الدوري       26/02/2017 18:53:38
By the end of this lectures, students will be
able to:
1. Identify the goals and philosophy of child health
nursing.
2. Describe the evolution and scope of child health
nursing
3. Define, common statistical terms used in the field,
such as infant mortality and neonatal death rate.
4. Describe professional roles of child health nurse.
5. Recognize the rights and ethical principles when
dealing with children.
Perspective of child health nursing
? Rights of Children
? Ethics of pediatric nursing
? Role of the pediatric nurse .
World Health Organization (WHO) has
defined health as a state of complete
physical, mental, social and spiritual wellbeing
and not merely the absence of
disease.
11/20/2014 1
Introduction
to
Child Health
Nursing
11/20/2014 2
Class Objectives
By the end of this lectures, students will be
able to:
1. Identify the goals and philosophy of child health
nursing.
2. Describe the evolution and scope of child health
nursing
3. Define, common statistical terms used in the field,
such as infant mortality and neonatal death rate.
4. Describe professional roles of child health nurse.
5. Recognize the rights and ethical principles when
dealing with children.
11/20/2014 3
Content
? Perspective of child health nursing
? Rights of Children
? Ethics of pediatric nursing
? Role of the pediatric nurse .
11/20/2014 4
What is Health?
? World Health Organization (WHO) has
defined health as a state of complete
physical, mental, social and spiritual wellbeing
and not merely the absence of
disease.
11/20/2014 5
Healthy People 2000 & 2010 goals?
1. To increase the quality & length of
healthy life.
2. To eliminate health disparities
(inequality).
3. To decrease the mortality & morbidity
rate.
11/20/2014 6
What is Mortality?
? Mortality is the
number of individuals
who have died over a
specific period, & are
usually presented as
rate per 1000 live
births and calculated
from a sample of
death certificate.
What is Morbidity?
? It is the prevalence of
specific illness (acute,
chronic, or disabilities)
in the population at a
particular time & are
presented as rates per
1000 population
because of their
greater frequency of
occurrence.
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? *Infant mortality: The number of deaths /1000
live births during the first year of life
? *Neonatal mortality: The number of deaths
/1000 live births during the first 28 days of life
11/20/2014 8
Child Health in Iraq
1. Preventing disease or injury (primary health care)
? MCH centers.
? Public health units.
? They provide comprehensive health care services
(preventive & curative)
2. Secondary & Tertiary health care:
a. Assisting children in hospitals:
? (Including those with a permanent disability or health
problem) to achieve and maintain an optimum level of
development
b. Also treating or rehabilitating children who have health
deviations
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Programme of Control of
Communicable Disease in Children
? The prgramme is directed to control the
following diseases:
? Diarrhea
? Acute respiratory infections
? Diseases of EPI: ( DPT, Hib, HIB, MMR,
Polio & TB ).
IMCI ( Integrated Management of
Childhood Illnesses )
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Nursing
? ANA (2002, 2003) define nursing
as The prevention of illness, the
alleviation of suffering, and the
protection, promotion, and
restoration of health in the care
of individuals, families, groups,
communities, and populations.
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What’s Pediatric Nursing?
? It is an art and science of giving
holistic nursing care,
(biopsychosocial) to the child from
birth through adolescence, and
their family in health and illness.
? Its purpose is to: promote the highest
possible state of health in each child
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Philosophy of care
The Key Elements of Family-Centered Care:
? Family is constant in child’s life.
? Facilitating family collaboration at all levels of
hospital, home, and community care in program
development, implementation and evaluation of
care.
? Recognition and honoring of cultural diversity, that
include: ethnic, racial, spiritual, social, economical,
and geographic diversity.
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What are the Roles of Child- Health
Nurse
? Therapeutic Role
? Family advocacy/ caring
? Disease prevention/ Health promotion
? Health teaching
? Support /Counseling
? Restoration role
? Coordination/ Collaboration
? Ethical decision making
? Research
? Health care planning
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Therapeutic role
? Feeding, bathing, toileting, dressing, providing
security and socializing, which are based on
continual assessment and evaluation of physical
status not forgetting developmental and emotional
needs of the child.
? It is important to put limits for the therapeutic relations
which must be professional and not meeting her need
to be wanted!
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Family Advocacy / Caring
? Involves ensuring that families are
aware of all available health
services, are informed of treatments
and procedures, involved in all
children s care, and encouraged to
change or support existing health
care practices
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Disease prevention/ Health promotion
? Current health care focuses on prevention of
illness and maintenance of health, rather than
treatment of disease or disability.
? The best approach for prevention is education
and anticipatory guidance.
? e.g. "School nurse practitioner" but it is not limited
to the school nurse. Disease prevention and
health promotion can and have to be practiced in
any setting
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Health Teaching
? Health education involves transmitting
information to the child’s and the family’s level of
understanding, and also by giving appropriate
feedback and evaluation to promote learning.
? Health teaching may be direct (parents classes),
or indirect (helping parent / child to understand
disease, e.g. supply literature, provide
anticipatory guidance, refer to lay groups,
encourage for asking questions).
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Support/Counseling
? Support can be provided through attention to
emotional needs, this is by listening, touching,
and through physical presence (non verbal
communication).
? Counseling involves a mutual exchange of ideas
and opinions that provide the basis for mutual
problem solving and coping with stress and
crises.
11/20/2014 19
Restorative Roles
? The most basic of all nursing roles is the
restoration of health through care- giving
activities (feeding, bathing, toileting, dressing,
security, socialization, continual assessment
and evaluation of physical status).
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Coordination/Collaboration
? The nurse as a member in health team, collaborates
and coordinates nursing services with the activities
of other professions and with the child’s family.
Working in isolation does not serve the child’s best
interest. To achieve holistic care and provide high
quality health services, an interdisciplinary approach
is necessary.
11/20/2014 21
Ethical Decision Making
The nurse is forced to determine the most beneficial or
least harmful action within the framework of:
? social morals
? professional practice standards
? the law
? institutional rules
? religious traditions
? family’s system
? and the nurse’s personal values while giving care to
children.
11/20/2014 22
Cont. Ethical Decision Making
? Nurses must use a professional code of ethics
for guidance and professional self-regulation,
which focuses on the nurse’s accountability and
responsibility to the patient and on the nurse’s
role as an independent profession, one with legal
liability.
11/20/2014 23
Research
? It involves analyzing and translating published
clinical research into everyday clinical practice.
? When nurses base their practice on science and
research and document clinical outcomes, they
validate their contribution to health not only to client,
third- party payers, and institution but also for the
nursing profession.
? Evaluation is essential to the nursing process, and
research is one of the best ways to accomplish it.
11/20/2014 24
Health Care Planning
? Health care planning does not involve only providing
new services to children and their families but also to
promoting the highest quality in existing services.
? In addition to following the code of ethics , nurses
ensure excellence in their profession by following
standards of practice.
11/20/2014 25
Cultural
? Nurses have a responsibility to continually
develop cultural competence. This includes
understanding and respecting the influence of
culture, race, and ethnicity on the development of
social and emotional relationships, child rearing
practices and attitudes toward health.
11/20/2014 26
Family Influences
Important functions of the family include:
? Child bearing and child rearing
? Providing basic maintenance for the child in the form
of food, clothing, shelter, and health care.
? Providing emotional, social, and psychological
support for family members.
? Providing safety and protection from harm to the
child.
? Providing status to the child as a member of family
and a larger community.
? Providing socialization for the child by facilitating
acquisition of beliefs, values, and behaviors
considered culturally desirable or appropriate.
11/20/2014 27
Rights of the child
All children need to :
? Be Free from discrimination
? Develop physically & mentally in freedom
and dignity.
? Have a name and nationality.
? Have adequate nutrition, housing,
recreation, and medical services.
? Receive treatment if handicapped.
11/20/2014 28
Cont. Rights of the child
? Receive love, understanding, and
maternal security.
? Receive an education and develop his
or her abilities.
? The first to receive protection in
disaster.
? Be Protected from neglect, cruelty and
exploitation.
? Brought up in a spirit of friendship
among people.
11/20/2014 29
Thank
you
Have
a
Great
Day
To increase the quality & length of
healthy life.
2. To eliminate health disparities
(inequality).
3. To decrease the mortality & morbidity
rate.

المادة المعروضة اعلاه هي مدخل الى المحاضرة المرفوعة بواسطة استاذ(ة) المادة . وقد تبدو لك غير متكاملة . حيث يضع استاذ المادة في بعض الاحيان فقط الجزء الاول من المحاضرة من اجل الاطلاع على ما ستقوم بتحميله لاحقا . في نظام التعليم الالكتروني نوفر هذه الخدمة لكي نبقيك على اطلاع حول محتوى الملف الذي ستقوم بتحميله .