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Mental Health and mental illness

الكلية كلية التمريض     القسم قسم التمريض العام     المرحلة 4
أستاذ المادة سجاء هاشم محمد كاظم       22/12/2015 07:05:31
Mental Health and mental illness

Health: is not merely the absence of disease or infirmity – it is a condition of physical, Mental and social well being.

Mental wellness is generally viewed as a positive attribute, such that a person can reach enhanced levels of mental health, even if they do not have any diagnosable mental health condition
Mental health is a term used to describe either a level of cognitive or emotional well-being or an absence of mental illness. From perspectives of the discipline of positive psychology or holism mental health may include an individual’s ability to enjoy life, procure a balance between life activities, and efforts to achieve psychological resilience.
Mental Health: The World Health Organization (WHO) defines mental health as: a state of balance between the individual and the surrounding world, a state of harmony between oneself and others, a co-existence between the realities of the self and that of other people and that of the environment
Or: The successful adaptation to stressors from the internal or external environment, evidenced by thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are age-appropriate and congruent with local and cultural norms.
Or: Full and harmonies functioning of a whole personality.

Aspects of mental health:
• Emotional Intelligence- Emotions are skills for living.
• Important to recognize our emotions-know ourselves.
• Have emotional self control.
• Recognize emotions in others.
• Handle relationships.
• Resiliency- emerge and grow from negative life events


Criteria of mental Health:-

1- Positive attitudes to ward self include acceptance of self and self – awareness. A healthy person also must have a sense of identity, wholeness, belongingness, security , and meaning fullness

2- Growth development and self actualization: - The individual seeks new experiences to more fully explore aspects of one self, also can interact freely and openly with the environment, share freely and openly with the people and grow from such experiences.
3- The ability of the person to plan for his future, to use his potentialities and capabilities success full in the achievement of tasks associated with each stage of development.
4- Integration: - is a balance between what is expressed and what is repressed, between outer and inner conflicts. It is the person’s ability to with stand stress and copes with anxiety.
5- Autonomy; - involves self- determination, a balance between dependence and independence and acceptance of the consequences of one’s action. It implies that the person is self- responsible for decisions. Actions, thoughts, and feelings. As a result the person can respect autonomy and freedom in others.
6- Reality perception: - The mentally healthy person can change perception in light of new information – This includes empathy of social sensitivity, a respect for the feeling and attitudes of others.
7- Environmental mastery: - The person can deal effectively with the world, work out personal problems and obtain satisfaction from life the person should cope with loneliness, aggression, and frustration with out being over whelmed, can respond to other, love and be loved, build new friend ship.



Characteristics of a mentally healthy person:-

1- He is free from internal conflicts. He is not at war with himself.
2- He is well adjusted. He is able to get along well with others.
3-He is able to form effective relation ship.
3- He is accept criticism and is not easily upset.
4- He has a strong sense of self –esteem.
5- He knows himself, his need. Problems and goals (self actualization).
6- He has good control over his behavior.
7- He is productive.
8- He faces problems and tries to solve them intelligently. (cope with stress- anxiety)
9- Clear and realistic thinking





Three factors influencing


المادة المعروضة اعلاه هي مدخل الى المحاضرة المرفوعة بواسطة استاذ(ة) المادة . وقد تبدو لك غير متكاملة . حيث يضع استاذ المادة في بعض الاحيان فقط الجزء الاول من المحاضرة من اجل الاطلاع على ما ستقوم بتحميله لاحقا . في نظام التعليم الالكتروني نوفر هذه الخدمة لكي نبقيك على اطلاع حول محتوى الملف الذي ستقوم بتحميله .