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Anatomy of the child’s respiratory tract

الكلية كلية التمريض     القسم قسم التمريض العام     المرحلة 3
أستاذ المادة نهاد محمد قاسم الدوري       14/12/2014 17:20:47
Anatomy of the child’s respiratory tract
The respiratory system is made up of the nose, pharynx (naso-pharynx or oro-pharynx),

Epiglottis, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, and the lungs.The normal function of resp. system are similar in children & adults but respond differently related to major areas of difference include:
A: poor tolerance of nasal congestion especially in infants, who are obligatory nasal breathers until 2-4 months.
B: Increased susceptibility to ear infection due to shorter , broader & more horizontally positioned Eustachian tubes.

C: increased severity of resp. systems due to smaller airway diameters & loosely bounded mucous membranes.
D. Metabolism Rate & Fluid Exchange
D: Total body response to respiratory infection with such symptoms as fever , vomiting & diarrhea.
ACUTE NASOPHARYNGITIS (COMMON COLD)
The common cold is one of the most common infectious conditions of childhood.
The illness is of viral origin such as rhinoviruses, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV),
Clinical Manifestations
The child older than the age of 3 months usually develops fever early in the course of the infection, often as high as (38.9_C to 40_C).
Younger infants usually are afebrile.
The child sneezes and becomes irritable and restless.
The congested nasal passages can interfere with sucking, increasing the infant’s irritability.
Because the older child can mouth breathe, nasal congestion is not as great a concern as in the infant.
The child might have vomiting or diarrhea, which might be caused by mucous drainage into the digestive system


المادة المعروضة اعلاه هي مدخل الى المحاضرة المرفوعة بواسطة استاذ(ة) المادة . وقد تبدو لك غير متكاملة . حيث يضع استاذ المادة في بعض الاحيان فقط الجزء الاول من المحاضرة من اجل الاطلاع على ما ستقوم بتحميله لاحقا . في نظام التعليم الالكتروني نوفر هذه الخدمة لكي نبقيك على اطلاع حول محتوى الملف الذي ستقوم بتحميله .