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Promoting Optimum Health During Infancy

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الكلية كلية التمريض     القسم قسم التمريض العام     المرحلة 3
أستاذ المادة نهاد محمد قاسم الدوري       14/12/2014 17:10:58
Pediatric Nursing

Breast milk is first choice only
for first 6 months of life. No supplements are needed.

The second acceptable diet is the commercial iron-fortified formula.
(whole milk should not be introduced until after one year of age).
During the first 6months, about 6 feeds /day, then decreased to 4-5 at the sixth month.

Total amount of milk to be given is 960ml /day.

If It is the process of giving one method of feeding for another usually changing breast or bottle feeding to a cup feeding

Principles of weaning:
need to be done gradually.
The infant gives up a major source of oral pleasure and gratification.
There is no one best time for all infants but the infant will show signs for readiness.
The last feed to be discontinued is the night time one.
breast feeding is discontinued Iron-fortified formula is substituted
By 4-6 months the GI tract has matured sufficiently to handle more complex nutrients and is less sensitive to potentially allergic foods.

Introduce solids when infant is hungry.

Introduce foods at intervals of 4-7 days to allow for identification of food allergies

As the amount of solid food increased the quantity of milk decreased.

Do not Infant cereals is introduced first since it is high in Iron (7mg of Iron/3 table spoons of cereal).

Rice cereal is recommended to be introduced first it is easily digestible and low in allergic potential.

After the first six months cereal is mixed with fruit juices. Vitamin C increases the absorption of Iron from the cereals and it is continued up to 18th month.
introduce food by mixing it with formula in the bottle.


المادة المعروضة اعلاه هي مدخل الى المحاضرة المرفوعة بواسطة استاذ(ة) المادة . وقد تبدو لك غير متكاملة . حيث يضع استاذ المادة في بعض الاحيان فقط الجزء الاول من المحاضرة من اجل الاطلاع على ما ستقوم بتحميله لاحقا . في نظام التعليم الالكتروني نوفر هذه الخدمة لكي نبقيك على اطلاع حول محتوى الملف الذي ستقوم بتحميله .
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