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Health Behaviors

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الكلية كلية التمريض     القسم قسم التمريض العام     المرحلة 4
أستاذ المادة سجاء هاشم محمد كاظم       6/26/2011 10:28:17 PM

Health Behaviors in The major health problems in industrialized nations today are “preventable” diseases that are influenced by lifestyle choices people make. n Health behaviors are actions undertaken by healthy people to enhance or maintain their good health. n Eating healthy foods, exercising, avoiding substance abuse, getting enough sleep, controlling weight, using sunscreen, practicing safe sex, getting health screening tests n The more health behaviors people practice, the fewer illness and the more energy they have. n College students are some of the worst offenders because the disease consequences seem so remote. Wellness and Fitness for Life ? Good health is a cherished yet often overlooked possession ? Good health depends on many factors, the most important of which are our actions and the choices we make ? Staying healthy is a lifelong process that requires self-awareness, introspection, inquiry, accurate information, and action Wellness A life-long process that at any given time produces a positive state of personal well-being, of feeling good about oneself, of optimal physical, psychological, and social functioning, and the control and minimization of internal and external risk factors for both diseases and negative health conditions. ? Is a process, rather than a goal ? Implies choice, a way of life ? Integrates the body, mind, and spirit ? Requires active, person responsibility for one’s own health Behaviors That Contribute to Wellness n Be physically active n Choose a healthy diet n Maintain a healthy body weight n Manage stress effectively n Avoid tobacco and drug use and limit alcohol consumption n Protect yourself from disease and injury Components of Wellness ? Spiritual—Belief in a source of value that transcends the boundaries of self, but also nurtures the self; provides meaning and direction ? Social—The ability to interact successfully with people and with one’s personal environment ? Physical—The ability to carry out daily tasks, develop cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, maintain adequate nutrition and a healthy body fat level, and avoid abusing drugs and alcohol ? Emotional—The ability to control stress and to express emotions appropriately and comfortably ? Intellectual—The ability to learn and use information effectively for personal, family, and career development ? Intellectual wellness implies: ? Overcoming the health-behavior gap ? Possessing an internal locus of control ? Having a strong sense of self-efficacy ? Occupational—The ability to achieve a balance between work and leisure ? Environmental—The ability to promote health measures that improve the standard of living and quality of life in the community The Wellness Challenge ? Lifestyle diseases—The most serious health problem in today’s society » Chronic diseases include heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and hypertension » Accidents, homicides, and suicides are leading killers among 15- to 24-year-olds » The real threats to human life involve diet, physical activity, and personal health habits ? Cigarette smoking » The risk factor most strongly associated with premature death and chronic disease ? Diet and physical inactivity » Next highest risk factor for smokers » Highest risk factor for nonsmokers Lifestyle and Wellness n More time watching TV = increased risk of obesity and diabetes n Cigarette smoking = increased risk of lung cancer n Low intake of fruits and vegetables = increased risk of heart disease n Few healthy behaviors = increased risk of heart disease Achieving Lifestyle Change ? Health behavior is learned, and can be changed ? Forces that shape behavior » Family, role models, and social norms » Subliminal advertising » Psychological needs » Reactance motivation A Self-Help Plan for Change ? A self-help approach assumes that humans can manage their lifestyle change and learn to control environmental factors that are detrimental to health ? Any approach requires time and planning


المادة المعروضة اعلاه هي مدخل الى المحاضرة المرفوعة بواسطة استاذ(ة) المادة . وقد تبدو لك غير متكاملة . حيث يضع استاذ المادة في بعض الاحيان فقط الجزء الاول من المحاضرة من اجل الاطلاع على ما ستقوم بتحميله لاحقا . في نظام التعليم الالكتروني نوفر هذه الخدمة لكي نبقيك على اطلاع حول محتوى الملف الذي ستقوم بتحميله .
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