الاراء والمقالات جميع الاراء والمقالات السابقة موجودة في المكتبة

  • تاريخ الاضافة : 18/2/2014
  • عدد المشاهدات : 516
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 22/2/2013
  • عدد المشاهدات : 675
أ - الاقتصاد الذكي ب -المجتمع الذكي ج- الحكم الذكي د-الحركة الذكية ه- البيئة الذكية و-المعيشة الذكية
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 28/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 3431
جهود الأمم المتحدة في تعزيز الثقافة وزيادة الوعي حول التغير المناخي بين منظماتها المختلفة
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 28/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 1153
Sustainability has emerged as a planning concept from its beginnings in economics and ecological thinking and has widely been applied to urban development. Urban sustainability is simply described as a desirable state or set of urban conditions that persists overtime. Just as the task of defining sustainability has progressed in response to early economic thinking, so has the task of its assessment. Many urban sustainability assessment methods can be identified from literature. However an examination of these methods reveals largely three methodological foundations. Focusing on the context of urban development, this paper presents an appraisal of the relative potentials and limitations of methods developed around the three identified methodological foundations. The paper agrees with the much held view that, most currently available urban sustainability assessment methods fail to demonstrate sufficient understanding of the interrelations and interdependencies of social, economic and environmental considerations. It further points to a wide gap between assessment theories and practices. To help narrow this rather wide gap, the paper recommends a pragmatic shift in focus, from theory development to application and auditing. A suggestion is made for the application of key assessment methods in a given urban area and across various issues, spatial and time scales so as to allow for method comparison. It is hoped that the parallel application of existing methods will greatly accelerate the urban sustainability assessment learning process and will help in the improvement of both theory and practice.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 944
The environmental management system ‘industry’ has its experts – trainers, consultants, auditors and certification bodies – and they generally take for granted that the clients they deal with have at least as much understanding about EMS development as they have. During the training, consultancy or auditing process, there will be gaps in the knowledge of the client and errors in the implementation processes. That is why such experts are used by clients and called in to assist.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 981
Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) is one of various management tools for evaluating environmental concerns. This paper reviews LCA from a buildings perspective. It highlights the need for its use within the building sector, and the importance of LCA as a decision making support tool. It discusses LCA methodologies and applications within the building sector, reviewing some of the life-cycle studies applied to buildings or building materials and component combinations within the last fifteen years in Europe and the United States. It highlights the problems of a lack of an internationally comparable and agreed data inventory and assessment methodology which hinder the application of LCA within the building industry. It identifies key areas for future research as (i) the whole process of construction, (ii) the relative weighting of different environmental impacts and (iii) applications in developing countries.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 970
This publication provides a selection of urban sustainability information (websites, website reports and books) from countries other than New Zealand. It complements an earlier publication that compiled New Zealand information on urban sustainability1. The aim of these two publications is to provide useful information to urban practitioners to assist them in creating liveable and sustainable towns and cities.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 908
Construction has to support a world of continuing population growth and economic development. At the same time, construction must pay heed to the widespread social interest in environmental preservation. It cannot further increase its environmental impact because it is not socially and environmentally acceptable. Yet the construction industry has not done enough to reduce its environmental footprint. Concerted national and international research and educational efforts are needed to change this situation. Construction engineering and management research should benefit from a systems perspective, and from application of standard methods and tools developed for environmentally-conscious design, construction and management by other industries such as the electronics, electromechanical products, and the automobile sectors. Traditional construction engineering and management education needs to incorporate the latest methods and tools for environmentally-conscious design, engineering and management, and discuss relevant case studies. Educational objectives could be achieved by including environmental modules in existing courses, developing new courses that focus on environmentally-conscious construction, and encouraging and advising undergraduate and graduate research projects. This paper outlines an agenda for action in research and education.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 963
أن التنمية المستدامة هي التنمية التي تلبي حاجات الحاضر دون المساومة على قدرة الأجيال المقبلة على تلبية حاجاتهم أي أن المساوات والعدالة بين الأجيال وهي واحدة من العوامل المطلوبة للتنمية المستدامة .
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 1300
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  • تاريخ الاضافة : 26/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 913

الدراسات والبحوث جميع الدراسات والبحوث السابقة موجودة في المكتبة

This research included the study of perception indicators for the satisfying quality of life requirements which are ,the knowledge and skill, healthy environment, social adjustment, and adequate income. This assessment had been achieved to different groups of Hilla city society. Questioner and personal interview methods had been used to collect the evaluating data
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 18/2/2014
  • عدد المشاهدات : 516
Foreword Sustainable development, especially since the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment & Development at Rio de Janeiro, has become an increasingly important theme in local, national and world politics, and increasingly a central theme for the engineering professions around the world. The sustainable development concept requires of all of us – as engineers and citizens – to consider much more widely than before the impact of our own lives and of the infrastructure and products we produce, both geographically and temporally. With infrastructure and engineering products and processes becoming increasingly complex, engineers need to integrate consideration of whole-life environmental and social impacts – positive as well as negative – with the mainstream and commercial aspects of their work.Wise use of natural resources, minimum adverse impact and maximum positive impact on people and the environment are the targets. As the Introduction to this Guide makes clear, time is not on our side to make the necessary changes in our way of life if we are to live within the limited carrying capacity of Planet Earth. The practice of design has also concerned the Academy for many years. In keeping with its mission of encouraging excellence in the practice of engineering, The Royal Academy of Engineering has, since 1998, operated a scheme for the appointment of Visiting Professors in Engineering Design for Sustainable Development at universities in the UK, with a total of 26 appointments made so far. The principal aims of the Scheme are to assist – across all engineering teaching, not just design – in the generation of teaching materials for the undergraduate curriculum based on real-life case studies, and to enhance the understanding of sustainability and sustainable development amongst academic staff and students alike. The result we seek is that graduates leave their courses inspired by, and with understanding of, both the concept of sustainable development and the place of their chosen engineering specialism in delivering it, and with relevant knowledge and skills to apply in the engineering profession. One of the Scheme’s objectives has therefore been to create a set of case studies from the practical experience of the Visiting Professors and to distil a set of general Guiding Principles that are encapsulated in or illustrated by the case studies. This Guide fulfils that objective and I hope that it inspires you to make a difference to the world through sustainable development based upon wise practice of engineering.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 18/2/2014
  • عدد المشاهدات : 506
ان اعداد خطة ستراتيجية عشرية لتنمية جامعه بابل وحماية بيئتها , لعلها التجربة الريادية على مستوى جامعات العراق , وهي اللبنة الاولى في طريق التخطيط للمستقبل باسلوب تشاركي مع متخذي القرار في الجامعه من اجل الارتقاء الكامل بجامعتنا . وعليه , تتعهد الجامعة بتنفيذ ما ورد في هذه الوثيقة من رؤى واهداف وستراتيجيات ومشاريع غايتها الوصول الى جامعة عالمية بحدود عام2020 . ندعوا من الله ان يجعلها بذرة متواضعة في تطوير بنى التعليم العالي في العراق وتزدهر وتنمو في ظل عراقنا الجديد .
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 28/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 1000
تقع جامعة بابل (الموقع الرئيسي والذي يشتمل على اغلب كليات المجموعة العلمية ) في قضاء الحلة وتبعد مسافة (7)كلم عن مدينة الحلة، على الطريق حلة-نجف، في حين يقع الموقع الثانوي داخل مدينة الحلة قرب مستشفى الحلة التعليمي ويتمثل بكليات المجموعة الطبية.وهناك موقع جديد تم إضافته إلى جامعة بابل وهو المجمع المجاور لمستشفى مرجان،داخل مدينة الحلة،وسيشغل بكليات المجموعة الإنسانية(راجع الملحق رقم(1)الخاص بالخرائط وبأرقام القطع والمقاطعات).
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 28/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 910
التنمية المستدامة :  هي التنمية "التي تلبي احتياجات الحاضر دون المساس بقدرة الأجيال المقبلة على تلبية احتياجاتها الخاصة". (مستقبلنا المشترك ، من خلال اللجنة العالمية المعنية بالبيئة والتنمية ، 1987) المفاهيم الأساسية للاستدامة هي : -الحفاظ على او تحسين نوعية الحياة ؛ -الوفاء باحتياجات الأجيال الحالية والمقبلة ؛ -التكامل الناجح للاحتياجات البيئية والاقتصادية والاجتماعية ؛ -حماية البيئات الطبيعية والاجتماعية والمبنية. (كارو ريد وآخرون 1994 ؛ التدابير المستدامة عام 2001 ؛ WCED 1987)
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 28/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 2905
أ - الاقتصاد الذكي ب -المجتمع الذكي ج- الحكم الذكي د-الحركة الذكية ه- البيئة الذكية و-المعيشة الذكية
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 28/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 1099
تحاول جامعة بابل ومن خلال فريق العمل المكلف بتطوير نظام الإدارة البيئية لتوفير آلية لإدارة فعالة والسيطرة على الممارسات والإجراءات و التي تكفل الامتثال وتطبيق القوانين و الانظمة والتعليمات البيئية المركزية والمحلية في العراق ، و الحد من الآثار البيئية باتجاه تحقيق اهداف التنمية المستدامة.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 28/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 1136
The European Green Capital Award (EGCA) is the result of an initiative taken by 15 European cities and the Association of Estonian cities in May 2006 in Tallinn. The 15 cities were Tallinn itself, Helsinki, Riga, Vilnius, Berlin, Warsaw, Madrid, Ljubljana, Prague, Vienna, Kiel, Kotka, Dartford, Tartu and Glasgow. The initiative was turned into a joint Memorandum submitted to the European Commission in which they proposed the establishment of an award rewarding cities that are leading the way in environmentally friendly urban living.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 951
This report describes Istat experience in developing urban environmental indicators for major cities of Italy and looks at some underlying issues in the development of urban sustainability indicators. From 1996, Istat collects data related to 22 major Italian cities through Environmental Survey on Major Cities. The environmental issues investigated refer to 7 main themes: air, energy, green areas, noise, transport, waste and water. The chosen analytic framework is the well known Driving-Pressures-State-Impact-Responses model, which is widely used for environmental indicators. In some cases, due to the lack of statistical data, indicators have been selected on the basis of availability and comparability criteria.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 897
The desire on the part of human societies to improve their standard of living together with the growth in the global population has resulted in a rapid increase in resource consumption and adverse anthropogenic impacts on the global environment. As a result, there is a need for a new understanding and solutions to optimize the dynamics and character of development. The «raison d'etre» of traditional development planning principles was to achieve progress in specific priority sectors, however, firstly, such an approach has proven to be ineffective and, secondly, it has retarded the pace of development and even created a crisis situation for society and the environment.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 918
It has been a number of years since the establishment of general environmental regulations in many Gulf States. The main purpose of these regulations is to ensure that environmental considerations are taken into account at all levels of planning with emphasis on incorporating Environmental Impact Assessment in development activities. However, there is a need to develop a broad framework of Strategic Environmental Assessment for proper integration of sustainability into decisionmaking process. Strategic Environmental Assessment is a high level procedure that extends the concept and principle underlying Environmental Impact Assessment, but normally applied to policies, plans, programs and groups of projects. Strategic Environmental Assessment provides the potential opportunity to avoid the preparation and implementation of inappropriate plans, programs, and projects. SEA ensures the evaluation of project alternatives and identification of cumulative effects. This paper reviews and discusses the framework for ensuring sustainability in urban development particularly at the local level. The paper develops guidelines and framework of implementing the principles of sustainability in municipalities through Strategic Environmental Assessment.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 1068
Sustainability has emerged as a planning concept from its beginnings in economics and ecological thinking and has widely been applied to urban development. Urban sustainability is simply described as a desirable state or set of urban conditions that persists overtime. Just as the task of defining sustainability has progressed in response to early economic thinking, so has the task of its assessment. Many urban sustainability assessment methods can be identified from literature. However an examination of these methods reveals largely three methodological foundations. Focusing on the context of urban development, this paper presents an appraisal of the relative potentials and limitations of methods developed around the three identified methodological foundations. The paper agrees with the much held view that, most currently available urban sustainability assessment methods fail to demonstrate sufficient understanding of the interrelations and interdependencies of social, economic and environmental considerations. It further points to a wide gap between assessment theories and practices. To help narrow this rather wide gap, the paper recommends a pragmatic shift in focus, from theory development to application and auditing. A suggestion is made for the application of key assessment methods in a given urban area and across various issues, spatial and time scales so as to allow for method comparison. It is hoped that the parallel application of existing methods will greatly accelerate the urban sustainability assessment learning process and will help in the improvement of both theory and practice.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 896
ان اعداد خطة ستراتيجية عشرية لتنمية جامعه بابل وحماية بيئتها , لعلها التجربة الريادية على مستوى جامعات العراق , وهي اللبنة الاولى في طريق التخطيط للمستقبل باسلوب تشاركي مع متخذي القرار في الجامعه من اجل الارتقاء الكامل بجامعتنا . وعليه , تتعهد الجامعة بتنفيذ ما ورد في هذه الوثيقة من رؤى وأهداف وستراتيجيات ومشاريع غايتها الوصول الى جامعة عالمية بحدود عام2020 . ندعو من الله ان يجعلها بذرة متواضعة في تطوير بنى التعليم العالي في العراق وتزدهر وتنمو في ظل عراقنا الجديد
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 1043
The Centre for Development of Enterprise (CDE) and the International Network for Environmental Management (INEM) have developed the Sustainable Management Action Research and Training (SMART) action programme in the Caribbean region with the aims of: • raising awareness about environmental management approaches, tools and techniques; • developing and training specific target groups on Environmental Management Systems (EMS); • promote and facilitate the implementation and certification of internationally recognised EMS in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs); • identifying future needs for environmental management training, tools, capacitybuilding and pilot projects and; • building up the capacity of environmental professionals in emerging markets.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 900
? Three dimensions of sustainability: economic growth; environmental integrity; and social equity ? Greenhouse standards ? Environmental Labelling ? Environmental management and design ? Energy efficient technologies ? Sustainable buildings coordination group ? ISO/TC 59/SC 17 Sustainability in building construction
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 925
This plan was developed in response to Executive Order 02-03, dated September 2002. The Order requires all state agencies to “establish sustainability objectives and prepare a biennial Sustainability Plan to modify its practices regarding resource consumption, vehicle use, purchase of goods and services, and facility construction, operation, and maintenance.”
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 930
The aim of this study was to explore the link between sustainable development and the ISO 14000 Environmental Management Series of Standards, with particular reference to the ISO 14001 standard. In order to do this, it was decided to evaluate the ISO 14000 series in the context of a large engineering facility; namely, the Canadian provincial Crown Corporation of Manitoba Hydro. The ISO 14000 series is in principle an effective system to manage an organization’s self-prescribed environmental goals; however, its main limitations are that it does not require the demonstration of environmental performance and it is sometimes difficult to interpret and apply due to ambiguous language. The paper closes with speculations that despite these shortcomings, the essence of the ISO 14000 series of standards is in sympathy with the notion of sustainabilit
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 901
The Sustainable Cities: PLUS Planning Cycle is a generic summary of the principles and stages of planning developed by various cities that are members of the Sustainable Cities: PLUS Network – a peer learning network of 38 cities and regions engaged in long-term integrated planning and community demonstration projects. The cities are from 14 different countries in the North and South and represent a broad range of sizes, geography and cultures1
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 898
The Boston Architectural College (BAC) has offered the Sustainable Design Certificate Program since 2002. Our program is completely online, with graduate-level classes that are small, instructor-led, interactive and asynchronous. Our courses carry college credit, and may be taken individually or applied towards one of our four certificate programs. The program is administered by the Sustainable Design Institute (SDI) at the BAC. Four certificates are available in: • Sustainable Design • Sustainable Community Planning and Design • Sustainable Building Design and Construction • and Sustainable Residential Design
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 924
•"ISO" is a word, derived from the Greek isos, meaning "equal.” •ISO an acronym -International Organization for Standardization
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 864
Sustainability, in general terms, is the ability to maintain balance of a certain process or state in any system. It is now most frequently used in connection with biological and human systems. In an ecological context, sustainability can be defined as the ability of an ecosystem to maintain ecological processes, functions, biodiversity and productivity into the future.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 954
The report ‘Innovative and Sustainable European Cities’ is intended to serve as an overall evaluation as part of the review of the Foundation’s Innovations for the Urban Environment Programme.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 891
Sustainability has been and remains a key watchword of our times. The agenda is moving quickly and social landlords have been at the forefront of leading and responding to the social, economic, environmental and organisational imperatives.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 923
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  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 1040

الكتب جميع الكتب السابقة موجودة في المكتبة

The within-nation planning practices critically appraised in this book are grounded in the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and also Britain, societies differing one from another, yet tethered to each other linguistically, culturally, urbanistically, and through their openly democratic styles of government.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 28/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 968
The environmental management system ‘industry’ has its experts – trainers, consultants, auditors and certification bodies – and they generally take for granted that the clients they deal with have at least as much understanding about EMS development as they have. During the training, consultancy or auditing process, there will be gaps in the knowledge of the client and errors in the implementation processes. That is why such experts are used by clients and called in to assist.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 956
The 2006 ‘renewed’ EU Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS) calls for the European Commission to monitor the progress of the EU against the challenges laid out in the strategy and specifically to draw up a comprehensive set of Sustainable Development Indicators (SDIs). It specifies that these SDIs ‘are to be developed at the appropriate level of detail to ensure proper assessment of the situation with regard to each particular challenge.’ In order to address this requirement Eurostat has developed a set of SDIs, along with the help of a group of national experts known as the Task Force on Sustainable Development Indicators. A first set of indicators was adopted by the Commission in 2005 and then updated in 2007. However, development of this set of SDIs is ongoing and the work of the Directorate General (DG) for Research is to contribute to this process through the EU Framework Programmes (FPs) for Research and Technological Development. This report was commissioned by DG Research to assess the main FP6 and selected FP7 projects (and latest work programmes) which have examined (or refer to) indicators supporting the renewed SDS in order to identify trends and gaps in the research agenda and produce recommendations on further research in light of activities and uses of indicators within the EU and beyond. The report includes a review of over 40 such research projects selected because, either as a part of their work or as the main focus of their work, they develop indicators which are relevant to measuring progress on the SDS. These projects are mainly FP6 projects for which information on results is readily available but, where possible, relevant FP7 projects in their early phases have also been included.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 962
It is increasingly recognized, in public discussion and political discourse, that many of the practices and lifestyles of modern society – particularly but not exclusively industrialized society – simply cannot be sustained indefinitely. We are exceeding the capacity of the planet to provide many of the resources we use and to accommodate our emissions, while many of the planet’s inhabitants cannot meet even their most basic needs.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 978
This report from the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions aims to bring together the findings of nine national studies on professional education and training for sustainable development in industrial SMEs which were commissioned by the Foundation over the last two years.1 The studies cover the following EU Member States: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and the UK. Most of the national studies adopted a combined approach involving some desk research along with case studies to obtain a more detailed understanding. The case studies were based on the following industrial sectors: • speciality chemicals; • food and drink; • printing.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 936
This project has created and demonstrated the use of a framework for understanding and implementing an organization’s sustainability vision and strategy. This study was based on the operations and facilities of the Washington State Department of Ecology in Lacey, Washington. Its approach has been consciously designed to be applicable to a wide range of other organizations, both public and private.
  • تاريخ الاضافة : 27/2/2011
  • عدد المشاهدات : 1192